AI, a Wicked Problem for Cultural Policy? Pre-empting Controversy and the Crisis of Cultural Participation

International Journal of Cultural Policy (forthcoming in 2022), accepted version.

Dr Eglė Rindzevičiūtė, Kingston University London Abstract This article explores the practice of pre-empting controversy as an example of the wicked problem of cultural participation in the digital media. Drawing on science and technology studies (STS), research into the history of cybernetics, artificial intelligence (AI), and policy studies, it argues that the ongoing digital transformation and the expansion of the algorithmic public sphere does not solve but amplifies the problem of cultural participation, challenging the “participatory turn” in cultural policy, defined as cultural policy’s re-orientation to encourage participation of different stakeholders at different stages of policymaking. This process is analysed through two cases: the postponing of a retrospective exhibition of the painter Philip Guston in the United States and the pre-emptive ban of a public art project centred on a monument for the Soviet Lithuanian writer Petras Cvirka in Lithuania.


Eglė Grėbliauskaitė

Art Doctorate, Visual Arts, Fine Arts (V 002)

This art project is a work of institutional critique, consisting of artistic research notes or painting with matter and words. By deconstructing, it examines the sustainability of the art institution's foundations and the boundaries drawn by it. In this work, I discuss the conflicting vectors of functioning of art field agents, different worldviews, interests, and directions of activities, as well as the reasons that condition them, such as conditions of inevitable conflict and artistic freedom as a possible common vector, a unique characteristic of artistic positioning - the assumption of the resilience of all art institution values.

Discussions about the practices of art institutions and the formation of norms that discipline art are the object of institutional critique in art. Therefore, I include the discourse and problematic of institutional critique, questions of art's political nature, loyalty, autonomy, and dependence on the institution, as well as alternative scenarios of power play, in the investigation of institutional constraints. The aim of this research is to discuss the limitations, possibilities, and assumptions that enable or hinder the establishment of the art institution's position in the market, strengthening the center of institutional value - art, and the role of contemporary institutional critique in this process.

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Dissonant Soviet monuments in postSoviet Lithuania


by Rasa Goštautaitė

abstract This article theoretically overviews the disputes related to two heritage sites located in Vilnius, Lithuania – the Green Bridge statues and a monument to Petras Cvirka. The change in the culture of memory – from a Soviet to an independent Lithuania – has created the appropriate conditions for certain objects of such heritage to reveal dissonance. Common actions applied to mitigating the disputes that occur in relation to the Soviet-era legacy include the removal of such statues or monuments and/or their relocation. Meanwhile, alternative solutions such as memorial/information plaques and artistic interventions aimed at reinterpreting and decontextualizing the object in question are less widely endorsed.

KEYWORDS: Soviet monuments, the Green Bridge statues, monument to Petras Cvirka, Lithuania, dissonant heritage.